Massachusetts Breastfeeding Coalition

Medications and Breastfeeding

Drug Information Sources

Lactation Studies Center
Rochester, New York
585 275-0088
(computer data base regarding drugs and human milk)

Rocky Mountain Drug Consultation Center
Denver, Colorado
900 285-3784
(Fee charged for call. Average cost $8.80. Consumers and professionals can use this service)


Pharmasoft Publishing
Thomas Hale will answer questions posed to the web site by health care providers only

Nuclear Regulatory Commission 
Activities of radiopharmaceuticals that require instructions and records when administered to patients who are breastfeeding an infant or child. Program-Specific Guidance About Medical Use Licenses – Final Report (NUREG-1556, Vol. 9, Appendix U.)



American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Drugs. Transfer of drugs and other chemicals into human milk. Pediatrics 2001; Sep;108(3):776-89

Blumenthal M, Busse W, Goldberg A, et al (Eds). The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. Boston: Integrative Medicine Communications, 1998

Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ: Drugs in pregnancy and lactation. 6th edition. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 2001 (quarterly updates available by subscription; focuses more on pregnancy)

Friedman JM, Polifka J. The effects of drugs on the fetus and nursing infants: a handbook for health care professionals. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996

Hale T: Medications and mothers milk. 11th edition. Amarillo, TX: Pharmasoft Medical Publishing, 2004

Hale T: Clinical therapy in breastfeeding patients. Amarillo, TX: Pharmasoft Publishing, 1999

Lawrence RA, Lawrence RM. Breastfeeding: A guide for the medical profession, 5th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, Inc., 1999:351-393

Lawrence RA. A review of the medical benefits and contraindications to breastfeeding in the United States. (Maternal and Child Health Technical Information Bulletin). Arlington, V A: National Center for Education in V1atemal and Child Health, 1997

Nice FJ, Snyder JL, Kotansky BC. Breastfeeding and over-the-counter medications. J Hum Lact 2000; 16:319-331

resguideExcerpted from the Massachusetts Breastfeeding Resource Guide, 4th edition (2002) Compiled and edited by Marsha Walker, RN, IBCLC. Cover artwork courtesy of Peter Kuper. Funding for the printing and distribution of the Massachusetts Breastfeeding Resource Guide is provided by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health-WIC Program Division. Permission is granted to photocopy this guide. Adapted from the Philadelphia Breastfeeding Resource Handbook. Email to request a copy.